Friday, December 31, 2010


Facts and Figures to Remember
1. Three main problems of the Independent India:
Preparation of Constitution, Rehabilitation of Refugees and merging of the Princely States in the Indian Federation were the three main problems of the newly independent India.
2. Constitution of India: Framed by a Constituent Assembly elected by an election in July 1946. It was completed in November 1949 and came into force on January 26, 1950.
3. Constituent Assembly: It was formed by 296 members elected by an election in July 1946. Dr. Rajinder Prasad was its President and Dr. Ambedkar was chairman of the drafting committee of the Assembly. It completed its work of writing the constitution for India in 1082 days by November 26, 1949.
4. The Nature of the Constitution: It established a democratic India, with a federal structure, bicameral legislature, state legislatures, Supreme Court and gave fundamental rights to the Indians.
5. The Special Features of the Indian Constitution:
It has a Preamble, ensures a secular state and Fundamental Rights and other liberal features of a civilized society.
6. The Rehabilitation of the Refugees: Centre and State governments shared the responsibilities of the refugees who had suffered due to communal rights. They were provided food, clothing, shelter, education, health services and opportunities for employment and business.
7. Assassination of Gandhiji: Gandhiji was assassinated while trying to establish the Hindu- Muslim Unity on January 30, 1948.
8. Integration of Princely States: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister integrated most of the Princely States in the Federation of India. Junagarh state was integrated with India after a referendum. Hyderabad was integrated after a police action in September 1948. Jammu and Kashmir was integrated with India after the King Hari Singh signed a merger with India in 1948.
9. Merger of French and Portuguese Colonies (Pondicherry and Liberation of Goa) :
  Pondicherry was allowed by France to merge in India after a plebiscite. The people of Goa fought a war of liberation against the Portuguese government with the support of India and finally, in December 1961, India captured Goa with the support of people of Goa.

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