Monday, March 28, 2011

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (Mughal Rule)


POWER POINT FROM MUGHAL PERIOD

 

Q. Who was Durgavati?
Ans. She was the ruler of Gondwana and was defeated by Akbar in 1564.
Q. Who was Maham Anga?
Ans. She was the foster mother of Akbar the Great.
Q. Who was Himu?
Ans. A Hindu commander of Adil Shah Suri.
Q. Who was Gulbaden Begum?
Ans. She was the author of “Hamayun Nama” and sister of Mughal King Hamayun.
Q. What was infallibility Decree?
Ans. It was a document signed by Akbar in 1597, which authorized him to act as the supreme arbiter in civil and religious affairs.
Q. What is “Ain-e-Akbari”?
Ans. It is the renowned work of Abul Fazal about the government of Akbar the Great.
Q. What is Sadr-us-Sadr?
Ans. It is an officer of Mughal Administration. He served as a liaison officer between the emperor and the people.
Q. What was the “Fatwa-e-Jahangiri”?
Ans. This is Zia-ud-Din Barni’s book on statecraft.
Q. Who was Shams Siraj Afif?
Ans. He was the author of “Tarikh-e-Firuz Shahi”.
Q. Who was Mirza Haider Dughtat?
Ans. He was a cousin of Babur and author of “Tarikh-e-Rashidi”.
Q. Who was Nadir-ul-Asr Mansur?
Ans. This was a title that Emperor Jahamgir conferred upon his court painter Mansur.
Q. Who was Muhammad Masum Nami?
Ans. He was the governor of Qandhar. He wrote “Tarikh-e-Sindh”.
Q. What is Madrassa Rahimia?
Ans. This Madrassa was established by Shah Abdur Rahim at
Delhi.
Q. Why Nagar Kot is famous?
Ans. It is a sacred Hindu town located in Kangra district.
Q. What was Din-e-Elahi?
Ans. This was a new religion invented by Akbar to create tolerance and love among the people of
India.
Q. Who was Bairam Khan?
Ans. He was a tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hamu in 1556.
Q. Who was Noor Jahan?
Ans. She was beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of state.
Q. Who was Abul al Fazl?
Ans. He was a son of Sheikh Mubarak. He was one of the Nau Ratans of Akbar the Great. He wrote “Akbar-Nama”.
Q. What is Fatwa-e-Alamgiri?
Ans. This is a famous work of Islamic Jurisprudence compiled by a board of Ulema, during the reign of Aurangzeb.
Q. Who was Sheikh Saleem Chishti?
Ans. He was a Muslim Saint of Fatehpur Sikri, who was contemporary of Akbar the Great.
Q. Who was Francis Bernier?
Ans. He was a European traveler, who visited
India during Shah Jahan’s period.
Q. Who wrote “Muntakhbat Tawarikh”?
Ans. Abdul Qadir Badayuni.
Q. Who is Khan-e-Saman?
Ans. He was incharge of emperor’s department of manufactures and good for military and democratic purposes.
Q. Who was Baqi Billah Bairang?
Ans. He was a renowned Saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Mujaddad Alfsani.
Q. Who wrote “Kitab-ul-Hind”?
Ans. It was written by Al-Baruni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social l
Q. The follies that Hamayun had committed during the conduct of two military campaigns, on account of which he lost his empire to Sher Shah Suri, were against:
Ans. Gujrat and
Bengal.
Q. Battle of Chausa was fought in:
Ans. 1539 A.D.
Q. After recapturing Delhi and his second coronation in Delhi, Hamayun could only rule for:
Ans. Six months.
Q. At the time of his coronation at Kalanaur the age of Akbar was:
Ans. Thirteen and a half.
Q. Akbar’s marriage with the princess of Amber was unique because:
Ans. This was a voluntary alliance different from the forced marriages of Muslim rulers with the Rajput princesses.
Q. Within two years of his marriage with the Amber Princess (1562) the liberal measures taken by Akbar were:
a. Prohibition on the enslavement of prisoners of war and their forcible conversion to Islam (1562).
b. Withdrawal of pilgrim taxes throughout the Mughal Empire (1564).
c. Total withdrawal of Jeziah from the Hindus (1564)
Ans. All of the above.
Q. Akbar wanted to establish friendship with the Rajputs because:
a. Friendship with the Rajputs was politically immensely fruitful.
b. With the Mughal links with
Central Asia having been completely snapped, Akbar had to made friendly alliances in India.
c. He wanted to make peaceful Rajputana a stepping-stone for his Gujrat and
Deccan conquests.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The main elements of Akbar’s Rajput policy were:
a. Establishment of matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs.
b. Grant of full autonomy and protection to the Rajput states.
c. Appointment of Rajput chiefs as Mansabdars and governors.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. Mewar refused to accept the friendship of the Mughals because:
a. Mewar had hostility with the Mughals since the days of Rana Sanga.
b. There were hostile relations between Mewar and Amber, which had entered into matrimonial alliance with the Mughals.
c. Mewar considered it dishonorable to accept friendship of the Mughals.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The Mughal troops captured Chittor in 1568 after defeating:
Ans. Rana Uday Singh.
Q. According to Abul Fazl the decisive battle between Rana Partab was foght at:
Ans. Haldighat.
Q. The most valuable acquisition of Akbar in the Northwest frontier was:
Ans. Qandhar.
Q. Akbar was hostile to the Portuguese because:
a. They were cruel and aggressive pirates.
b. They interfered with Hajj pilgrimages.
c. They had formed political alliances with the rulers of the
Deccan states.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. After the conquest of Asirgarh in 1601, Akbar renamed Khandesh as:
Ans. Danadesh.
Q. The Jesuit missionary who held personal discussions with Akbar and has written interesting account of him was:
Ans. Antony Monserrate.
Q. A contemporary Mughal historian who prepared a list of charges against Akbar and called him the enemy of Islam, was:
Ans. Badayuni.
Q. The well know work “Tabaqat-e-Akbari” was written by:
Ans. Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad
Q. Which of the following was considered the head of the nobility in Mughal administration?
Ans. Mir Bakshi.
Q. Which of the following officers were guardian of Islamic Law and spokesman of the Ulema?
Ans. Sadr-us-Sudur.
Q. Which of the following officers was the Auditor General?
Ans. Mustaufi.
Q. Which of the following officer in charge of petitions presented to the emperor?
Ans. Mir Arz.
Q. Which of the following was the Superintendent of the Imperial Workshop?
Ans. Nazir-e-Bayutat.
Q. Which of the following has given the correct description of the subdivisions of the Mughal Empire in the proper descending order?
Ans. Subah, sarkar, pagana.
Q. Who divided the Mughal Empire into provinces for the first time?
Ans. Akbar.
Q. Manuehi was a European traveler who came to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. The European travelers who visited Indian during the reign of Jahangir and left valuable account of his reign was/were:
a. William Finch
b. William Hawkins.
c. Francisco Palsaert.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The Marathas came to be admitted to the nobility during the reign of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. A Mansab was allotted to:
Ans. All officers of the state.
Q. The range of the Mansabs as organized by Akbar was:
Ans. 10 to 10,000.
Q. Who after raising a successful rebellion, made Jahangir captive in his own camp?
Ans. Mahabat Khan.
Q. Each grade in Mansabdari system had two aspects to it: (i). Zat (personal) and (ii). Sawar (cavalryman). Which of the following statements correctly describes their significance?
Ans. Zat fixed the personal status of a person and his salary, while Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalryman he was required to maintain.
Q. A Mughal Queen whose name was written to all the Mughal Farmans and inscribed on the coins, was:
Ans. Noor Jahan.
Q. The clique of four persons who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1611 to 1621 comprised:
Ans. Noor Jahan, Asaf Khan, Itmad-du-daulah and Asaf Khan.
Q. Which of the following was incharge of law and order in the villages?
Ans. Muqaddam.
Q. The Mughal Emperor who allowed a chain with bells to be hung outside his place to enable petitioners to bring their grievances to the notice of the emperor was:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. Under the Zabti system the most fertile land was classified as:
Ans. Polaj.
Q. What portion of actual produce was fixed as the demand of the state under the Zabti system?
Ans. One-third.
Q. Akbar founded the city of Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate:
Ans. Victory of Gujrat.

Q. The Buland Darwaza or the gateway to the Jamia Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar to commemorate his victory of:
Ans. Gujrat.
Q. Which of the following building was not constructed by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri?
a. Jodha Bai’s palace.
b. Moti Masjid.
c. Turkish Sultana’s palace.
d. Panch Mahal.
Ans. Moti Masjid.
Q. Prince Dara Shikoh was one of the greatest scholars that Mughal India produced. Which of the following was not one of the Sanskrit works to be translated into Persian under the patronage of Dara Shikoh?
Ans. Bhagavata Purana.
Q. Why did Khafi Khan’s “Muntakhab-ul-Lubab” have to be written in secrecy during Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Aurangzeb was opposed to the writing of histories of his reign.
Q. Which of the following is not a historical work of Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Amal-e-Saleh by Muhammad Salih Kazim.
Q. Monserrate and Aquaviva were sent to Akbar’s court by the:
Ans. Portuguese.
Q. Which of the following foreigners present in India during Jahangir’s time was the chief of the Dutch factory of Agra?
Ans. Francisco Pelsaert.
Q. Mughal Garden was constructed by:
Ans. Shah Jahan.
Q. Petticot Government was headed by:
Ans. Maham Angha.
Q. Sir Thomas Roe was sent as the British Ambassador to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. The third battle of Panipat was fought in:
Ans. 1760 A.D.
Q. One of the foreign travelers who was an eye witness to the public disgrace in Delhi of Dara Shikoh after his defeat by Aurangzeb in the was of succession was:
Ans. Munucci.
Q. Under the Mughals, capital of the lower Sindh was:
Ans. Thatta.
Q. A foreign that visited India during Aurangzeb’s time and described the letters regulation issued to promote general morality was:
Ans. Niccolao Munucci.
Q. Murshid Kauli Khan was a genius revenue officer of:
Ans. Aurangzeb Alamgir.
Q. Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in:
Ans. October 1586 A.D.
Q. Dara Shikoh finally lost the war of succession of Aurangzeb in the battle of:
Ans. Samugarh.
Q. Hajjat-ul-Baligha was written by:
Ans. Shah Waliullah.
Q. Jahangir was imprisoned by:
Ans. Muhabbat Khan.
Q. Hamayun left for Persia to get support of Shah in:
Ans. 1543 A.D.

Q. The follies that Hamayun had committed during the conduct of two military campaigns, on account of which he lost his empire to Sher Shah Suri, were against:
Ans. Gujrat and
Bengal.
Q. Battle of Chausa was fought in:
Ans. 1539 A.D.
Q. After recapturing Delhi and his second coronation in Delhi, Hamayun could only rule for:
Ans. Six months.
Q. At the time of his coronation at Kalanaur the age of Akbar was:
Ans. Thirteen and a half.
Q. Akbar’s marriage with the princess of Amber was unique because:
Ans. This was a voluntary alliance different from the forced marriages of Muslim rulers with the Rajput princesses.
Q. Within two years of his marriage with the Amber Princess (1562) the liberal measures taken by Akbar were:
a. Prohibition on the enslavement of prisoners of war and their forcible conversion to Islam (1562).
b. Withdrawal of pilgrim taxes throughout the Mughal Empire (1564).
c. Total withdrawal of Jeziah from the Hindus (1564)
Ans. All of the above.
Q. Akbar wanted to establish friendship with the Rajputs because:
a. Friendship with the Rajputs was politically immensely fruitful.
b. With the Mughal links with
Central Asia having been completely snapped, Akbar had to made friendly alliances in India.
c. He wanted to make peaceful Rajputana a stepping-stone for his Gujrat and
Deccan conquests.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The main elements of Akbar’s Rajput policy were:
a. Establishment of matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs.
b. Grant of full autonomy and protection to the Rajput states.
c. Appointment of Rajput chiefs as Mansabdars and governors.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. Mewar refused to accept the friendship of the Mughals because:
a. Mewar had hostility with the Mughals since the days of Rana Sanga.
b. There were hostile relations between Mewar and Amber, which had entered into matrimonial alliance with the Mughals.
c. Mewar considered it dishonorable to accept friendship of the Mughals.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The Mughal troops captured Chittor in 1568 after defeating:
Ans. Rana Uday Singh.
Q. According to Abul Fazl the decisive battle between Rana Partab was foght at:
Ans. Haldighat.
Q. The most valuable acquisition of Akbar in the Northwest frontier was:
Ans. Qandhar.
Q. Akbar was hostile to the Portuguese because:
a. They were cruel and aggressive pirates.
b. They interfered with Hajj pilgrimages.
c. They had formed political alliances with the rulers of the
Deccan states.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. After the conquest of Asirgarh in 1601, Akbar renamed Khandesh as:
Ans. Danadesh.
Q. The Jesuit missionary who held personal discussions with Akbar and has written interesting account of him was:
Ans. Antony Monserrate.
Q. A contemporary Mughal historian who prepared a list of charges against Akbar and called him the enemy of Islam, was:
Ans. Badayuni.
Q. The well know work “Tabaqat-e-Akbari” was written by:
Ans. Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Ahmad
Q. Which of the following was considered the head of the nobility in Mughal administration?
Ans. Mir Bakshi.
Q. Which of the following officers were guardian of Islamic Law and spokesman of the Ulema?
Ans. Sadr-us-Sudur.
Q. Which of the following officers was the Auditor General?
Ans. Mustaufi.
Q. Which of the following officer in charge of petitions presented to the emperor?
Ans. Mir Arz.
Q. Which of the following was the Superintendent of the Imperial Workshop?
Ans. Nazir-e-Bayutat.
Q. Which of the following has given the correct description of the subdivisions of the Mughal Empire in the proper descending order?
Ans. Subah, sarkar, pagana.
Q. Who divided the Mughal Empire into provinces for the first time?
Ans. Akbar.
Q. Manuehi was a European traveler who came to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. The European travelers who visited Indian during the reign of Jahangir and left valuable account of his reign was/were:
a. William Finch
b. William Hawkins.
c. Francisco Palsaert.
Ans. All of the above.
Q. The Marathas came to be admitted to the nobility during the reign of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. A Mansab was allotted to:
Ans. All officers of the state.
Q. The range of the Mansabs as organized by Akbar was:
Ans. 10 to 10,000.
Q. Who after raising a successful rebellion, made Jahangir captive in his own camp?
Ans. Mahabat Khan.
Q. Each grade in Mansabdari system had two aspects to it: (i). Zat (personal) and (ii). Sawar (cavalryman). Which of the following statements correctly describes their significance?
Ans. Zat fixed the personal status of a person and his salary, while Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalryman he was required to maintain.
Q. A Mughal Queen whose name was written to all the Mughal Farmans and inscribed on the coins, was:
Ans. Noor Jahan.
Q. The clique of four persons who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1611 to 1621 comprised:
Ans. Noor Jahan, Asaf Khan, Itmad-du-daulah and Asaf Khan.
Q. Which of the following was incharge of law and order in the villages?
Ans. Muqaddam.
Q. The Mughal Emperor who allowed a chain with bells to be hung outside his place to enable petitioners to bring their grievances to the notice of the emperor was:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. Under the Zabti system the most fertile land was classified as:
Ans. Polaj.
Q. What portion of actual produce was fixed as the demand of the state under the Zabti system?
Ans. One-third.
Q. Akbar founded the city of Fatehpur Sikri to commemorate:
Ans. Victory of Gujrat.
Q. The Buland Darwaza or the gateway to the Jamia Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar to commemorate his victory of:
Ans. Gujrat.
Q. Which of the following building was not constructed by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri?
a. Jodha Bai’s palace.
b. Moti Masjid.
c. Turkish Sultana’s palace.
d. Panch Mahal.
Ans. Moti Masjid.
Q. Prince Dara Shikoh was one of the greatest scholars that Mughal India produced. Which of the following was not one of the Sanskrit works to be translated into Persian under the patronage of Dara Shikoh?
Ans. Bhagavata Purana.
Q. Why did Khafi Khan’s “Muntakhab-ul-Lubab” have to be written in secrecy during Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Aurangzeb was opposed to the writing of histories of his reign.
Q. Which of the following is not a historical work of Aurangzeb’s period?
Ans. Amal-e-Saleh by Muhammad Salih Kazim.
Q. Monserrate and Aquaviva were sent to Akbar’s court by the:
Ans. Portuguese.
Q. Which of the following foreigners present in India during Jahangir’s time was the chief of the Dutch factory of Agra?
Ans. Francisco Pelsaert.
Q. Mughal Garden was constructed by:
Ans. Shah Jahan.
Q. Petticot Government was headed by:
Ans. Maham Angha.
Q. Sir Thomas Roe was sent as the British Ambassador to the court of:
Ans. Jahangir.
Q. The third battle of Panipat was fought in:
Ans. 1760 A.D.
Q. One of the foreign travelers who was an eye witness to the public disgrace in Delhi of Dara Shikoh after his defeat by Aurangzeb in the was of succession was:
Ans. Munucci.
Q. Under the Mughals, capital of the lower Sindh was:
Ans. Thatta.
Q. A foreign that visited India during Aurangzeb’s time and described the letters regulation issued to promote general morality was:
Ans. Niccolao Munucci.
Q. Murshid Kauli Khan was a genius revenue officer of:
Ans. Aurangzeb Alamgir.
Q. Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in:
Ans. October 1586 A.D.
Q. Dara Shikoh finally lost the war of succession of Aurangzeb in the battle of:
Ans. Samugarh.
Q. Hajjat-ul-Baligha was written by:
Ans. Shah Waliullah.
Q. Jahangir was imprisoned by:
Ans. Muhabbat Khan.
Q. Hamayun left for Persia to get support of Shah in:
Ans. 1543 A.D.

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