Sunday, June 5, 2011

Political Movements in Travancore and Cochin-psc

Political Movements in Travancore and Cochin-psc

1-The Malayali Memorial was submitted to the Maharaja on January 1, 1891 against the appointment of Tamil Brahmins in Government Service.
2-The Malayali Memorial was signed by 10,028 persons.
3-The brain behind the Malayali Memorial was Barister G.P.Pillai and K.P. Sankaramenon.
4-The Ezhava Memorial was submitted on 3rd September 1896, signed by 13,176 members of the Ezhava community under the leadership of Dr. Palpu.

5-The Ezhava Memorial requested the Maharaja to confer on the Ezhavas the same rights and privileges which were being enjoyed by those of their caste who had become converts to Christianity.
6-Swadeshabhimani K. Ramakrishna Pillai was the first to write the biography of KarlMarx in Malayalam.
7-K. Ramakrishna Pillai, the editor of the ‘‘Swadeshabhimani’’ owned by Vakkom Abdul Khadir Maulavi published a series of articles criticising the Diwan P. Rajagopalachari and the king Sri Mulam Thirunal.
8-K. Ramakrishna Pillai was deported from the State in September 1910, he died at Cannanore in April 1916.
9-The objective of the Poura Samatvavada
Prakshobhanam was the achievement of civic rights.
10-The agitation was carried on by the Avarnas of the  Hindu community, the Muslims and the Christians as they were denied appointments to the Land Revenue
11-Indian National Congress started its activities in Travancore during the reign of Sri Mulam Thirunal.
12-The agitation known as Nivarthana (Abstention) Movement was started as a protest against the constitutional
reforms of 1932.
13-The Travancore State Congress was formed in September 1938.
14-Pattom Thanu Pillai was the first President of Travancore State Congress.
15-The September 1946 there occurred the Punnapra Vayalar Upheaval against the ‘American Model’ irremovable executive.
16-The American Model was proposed by Sir C. P.Ramaswami Ayyar.
17-The‘‘Electricity Agitation’’ was organised against the privatisation of electric supply in Cochin town by Diwan R.K. Shanmukham Chetti (1936).
18-E. Ikkanda Warrier of Congress became the first Chief Minister of Cochin. During his tenure the new state of Travancore - Cochin came into existence
on 1 July 1949.
19-First popular ministry of Travancore headed by Pattom A. Thanu Pillai was installed in office on March 24, 1948.

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