Thursday, February 24, 2011


Lord Canning (1856 – 1862):
  • The last Governor General and the first Viceroy.
  • Mutiny took place in his time.
  • On Nov, 1858, the rule passed on to the crown.
  • Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse.
  • The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were established in 1857.
  • Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861.
Lord Elgin (1862 – 1863)
Lord Lawrence (1864 – 1869):
  • Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe.
  • High Courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1865.
  • Expanded canal works and railways.
  • Created the Indian Forest department.



3000-1500 Indus Valley Civilisation
576 Birth of Gautam Buddha
527 Birth of Mahavir
327-326 Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313 Accession of Chandragupta Maurya according to Jain traditions
305 Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232 Ashoka’s reign
261 Conquest of Kalinga
145-101 Region of Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka
58 Beginning of Vikrami era


78 Beginning of Saka era

History GK-Major Historical Events Starting from B.C 2500

2500-1800      Indus valley civilization.
599     Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana in 523. B.C.
563     Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C.
327-26     Alexander’s invasion of India and the opening of land route between India and Europe.
269-232     Ashoka’s reign.
261     Battle of Kalinga.
57     Beginning of Vikrama era.
30     Satvahana dynasty in Deooan. Pandyan empire in for south.
326     Alexander defeated Poras in the Battle of Hydaspas
261     Ashoka defeated Kalinga in the Kalinga War
78     Beginning of Saka era.
320     Beginning of Gupta era.
360     Samudragupta conquers the whole of N. India and much of the Deccan.
380-413     Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age of Kalidasa, renewal of induism.
606-647     Rule of Harshavardhana.
629-645     Hieun Tsang’s visit in India.

indian history questions

1. The Place in Kerala where Portugese explorer vasco da Gama landed in 1948, was

2. The stories depicted in the Ajanta and Ellora caves are from the...

3. Mangal Pandey who struck the first blow for freedom heralding the outbreak of the revolt of 1857, belonged to 

4. Shivaji defeated Afzal Khan, the commander of the Bijapur sultanate at 

5. Name the Rajput princess whom Akbar married. 
     Noor Jahan
     Mumtaz Mahal


World history Questions

1. What was Alexander's main problem in the campaign against the Persians?
A: Weak navy          
B: Weak army
C: No money
D: Rubella
E: Poor infrastructure
2. What was the intent of Luther's Address to the Christian Nobility?
A: To demonstrate Luther's literary prowess
B: To enumerate Luther's economic complaints against the Church in Germany
C: To create a separate nation of Protestants
D: To escape religious persecution
E: To keep him out of prison 

3. The First Triumvirate was composed of Caesar, Crassus, and _____.
A: Pompey
B: Hector
C: Lepidus
D: Augustus
E: Brutus

4. Who established the first civilization in Mesopotamia?
A: Macedonians
B: Sumerians
C: Babylonians
D: Egyptians
E: Assyrians


61. In which capacity thousands of women were employed in the empire of Vijayanagar ?
(A) Accountants
(B) Royal bodyguards
(C) Palace guards
(D) All of the above
Ans : (D)
62. Select the correct chronological order of following reformers of the medieval Bhakti movements by using code given below—
1. Namdeva
2. Vallabhacharya
3. Ramananda
4. Kabir
(A) 1, 2, 3, 4
(B) 2, 3, 4, 1
(C) 3, 4, 1, 2
(D) 4, 1, 2, 3
Ans : (C)
63. Who was the founder of Pushti marg ?
(A) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
(B) Vallabhacharya
(C) Madhavacharya
(D) Yamunacharya
Ans : (B)
64. Who was the founder of Qalandariya sect ?
(A) Skeikh Badiuddin Shah
(B) Kutubuddin Kalandar
(C) Shah Abdullah
(D) Abdul Aziza Makki
Ans : (D)
65. In which Hindu Kingdom of medieval India the image of deity Tirupati or Lord Venkateshvara has been depicted on its gold coins ?
(A) The Vijayanagar Empire
(B) The Kingdom of Hoyasalas of Dwarasamudra
(C) The Kingdom of Kakathiyas of Warrangal
(D) The Kingdom of Yadavas of Devagiri
Ans : (A)
66. Who built the city of Nagalapura ?
(A) Bukka I
(B) Devaraya I
(C) Krishnadeva Raya
(D) Virupaksha
Ans : (C)


31. Which one of the following pairs
is not correctly matched ?
(A) Jhansi —Laxmi Bai
(B) Gwalior —Tatya Tope
(C) Kanpur —Nana Saheb
(D) Allahabad —Kunwar Singh
Ans : (D)
32. The official historian of the movement of 1857 was—
(A) S. N. Sen
(B) R. C. Majumdar
(C) Tarachand
(D) V. D. Savarkar
Ans : (A)
33. Match the following associations with their presidents—
(a) British Indian Association, 1851
(b) Deccan Association, 1852
(c) Bombay Association, 1852
(d) British Indian Madras Association, 1850
1. Raja Radhakant Dev
2. Gopal Hari Deshmukh
3. C. Y. Mudaliar
4. Jamshedji Jijabhai
Select the correct answer from the code given below—
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 2 1 4 3
(B) 1 2 4 3
(C) 1 2 3 4
(D) 1 2 4 3
Ans : (D)
34. Who had chaired the Indian Education commission in 1882 ?
(A) Macaulay
(B) Sadler
(C) W. W. Hunter
(D) None of the above
Ans : (C)
35. Who was the founder of Seva Sadan in Bombay ?
(A) Baharamji Malabari
(B) Shiva Narrain Agnihotri
(C) R. G. Bhandarkar
(D) B. K. Jayakar
Ans : (A)

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

PSC HSST HISTORY-Historiography


Historiography is essentially the history of writing history and how different viewpoints and
interpretations impact that writing.  The goal of this paper is to discuss how the writing of
history has developed over the last 2,500 years and how a modern historical outlook has
emerged, by where the past is seen as different than the present and the future; where time is a
constant movement toward new developments.  This is a linear view of time and history.  The
opposite is cyclical view of time, where the present and future are like, or almost like, the past. 
The modern historical outlook thus embraces the linear view and rejects the cyclical view.
Moreover, over time there emerged a modern historical methodology that stressed that in
analyzing history and things in the past, the emphasis should be on looking at secular, rather
than divine, causation.  This means that events in the past were caused by human actions rather
than divine beings. 
Finally, the modern historical outlook also stresses the importance of using primary sources –
documents from the time period – in writing history.


Indian History
1. The officer responsible for the safe custody of land records during the Gupta period was known as—
(A) Dhruvadhikarana
(B) Karanika
(C) Samaharta
(D) Shaulkika
Ans : (B)
2. The Prakrit text Gaudavaho describes the deeds of—
(A) Bhaskaravarman
(B) Isanavarman
(C) Sasanka
(D) Yasovarman
Ans : (D)
3. Which of the following refers to ‘Pushyabhuti’ as the founder of the Vardhana dynasty ?
(A) Kadambari
(B) Harshacharita
(C) Banskhera Inscription of Harsha
(D) Yuan-Chwang
Ans : (B)
4. The first Gupta ruler to assume the title of the ‘Maharajadhiraja’ was—
(A) Srigupta
(B) Chandragupta I
(C) Samudragupta
(D) Ghatotkacha
Ans : (B)
5. Which one of the following statements about Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien’s travel in India is not correct ?
(A) He came to India during the reign of Chandragupta II
(B) His object was to visit the holy places of Buddhism
(C) He came by the sea route
(D) He visited whole India and went back to his country by the land route
Ans : (C)


1. Who among the following taught the doctrine of 'Shunyata' ?
(A) Nagarjuna 
(B) Shankaracharya
(C) Harisena 
(D) Vallabhacharya

2. Who of the following kings was an ardent follower of Jainism ?
(A) Bimbsara
(B) Mahapadma Nanda
(C) Kharavela
(D) Pulakesin II

3. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists—
List-I (Name of author)
(a) Abul Fazl
(b) Nizamuddin Ahmad
(c) Krishnadeva Raya
(d) Kalhan
List-II (Name of the book)
1. Tabqat-i-Akbari
2. Akbarnama
3. Rajatarangini
4. Amuktamalyada
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 2 4 1 3
(B) 3 1 4 2
(C) 2 1 4 3
(D) 3 4 1 2

4. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?
(A) Shiekh Shihabuddin Suharwardi—Sufi Saint
(B) Chaitanya Maha Prabhu—Bhakti Saint
(C) Minhaj-us siraj—Founder of Sufi order
(D) Lalleshwari—Bhakti Saint

5. To which dynasty did Ashoka belong ?
(A) Vardhana 
(B) Maurya
(C) Kushan 
(D) Gupta

6. Which one of the following battles was fought between Babar and the Rajputs in 1527 ?
(A) The First Battle of Panipat
(B) The Battle of Khanwa
(C) The Battle of Ghagra
(D) The Battle of Chanderi

7. Aryabhatta and Varahamihira belong to which age ?
(A) Guptas 
(B) Cholas
(C) Mauryas 
(D) Mughals

Sunday, February 20, 2011


Indian history solved objective questions
1. The institution of Varna appeared in the
(a) Rig Vedic period
(b) later Vedic period
(c) Period of the Manava Dharma Shastra
(d) period of the consolidation of the text of the Mahabharata.

2. Which of the following Vedas is a collection of spells and incantations?
(a) Rig Veda
(b) Sama Veda
(c) Yajur Veda
(d) Atharva Veda
3. 800B.C.-600B.C is designated as the
(a) Period of Brahmanas
(b) period of the Sutras
(c) Period of Ramayana
(d) period of Mahabharata
4. What was the main difference between the Indus Valley civilization and Vedic civilization?
(a) Indus Valley civilization was urban, whereas the Vedic civilization was rural.
(b)Peepal tree was worshipped in Indus valley civilization whereas Burgad tree was worshipped in Vedic civilization.
(c) The main emphasis in Indus Valley civilization was on trade whereas in Vedic age it was on religion.
(d) Indus Valley civilization believed in non violence whereas Vedic civilization had no hard and fast rules about it.
5. Which of the following is an Upanishad?
(a) Aitreya
(b) Vijasena
(c) Chandogya
(d) Krishna Karnamruta
6. The Vedic deity Indra was the goddess of
(a) Wind
(b) Eternity
(c) Rain and thunder
(d) Fire