Saturday, May 7, 2011

Ugc/net history-Q & A

Ugc/net history-Q & A

1. Which among the following Vedas is partly in prose ?
(A) Rigveda
(B) Samaveda
(C) Yajurveda
(D) Atharvaveda
Ans : (C)

2. Which one among the following is a Tamil grammatical treatise ?
(A) Pattupattu
(B) Ettutogai
(C) Silappadikaram
(D) Tolkappiam
Ans : (D)

3. Who among the following has not quoted from the Indica of Megasthenese ?
(A) Pliny
(B) Strabo
(C) Diodorus
(D) Arrian
Ans : (C)

4. Who was the first to decipher the inscriptions of Ashoka and the Brahmi script ?
(A) Alexander Cunningham
(B) James Princep
(C) Max Muller
(D) Mortimer Wheeler
Ans : (B)

ugc history-Discoveries-psc history

Discoveries-psc history

Amundsen – Discovered South Pole in Dec. 14, 1911. Armstrong, Neil A. – (U.S.A.) First person to set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969.
 Cabot Sebastian – Discovered New Found land in 1497.
 Columbus Christopher – Discovered America in 1492 and South America in 1498.
 Copernicus – Discovered solar system in 1540. He propounded the astronomical system which bears his name.
 Edmund Hillary – Conquered Mt. Everest on May 29, 1953, along with Sherpa Tenzing.
 Ferdinand de Lesseps – Conceived the plan of the Suez Canal on which work was completed in 1969.
 Henry Hundson – Discovered Hudson Bay in 1610.
 Kepler – Discovered the laws of Planetary Motion in 1609.
 Magellan – Sailed round the World in 1519.
 Marco Polo – A Venetian Traveler who explored China (in 1272) India. South – eastern countries.
 Peary, Robert – Discovered North Pole in 1909.
 Tabei Mrs. Junko – She is first-ever woman to climb Mt. Everest on May 16, 1649.
 Vasco-De-Gama – The Portuguese sailor rounded the Cape of Good Hope and discovered sea route to India and reached Calicut (now Khozikhode) in 1498.

Question & answers-world history

Question & answers-world history

1. Write short note on “Young Italy”.
A. Young Italy :
1) Joseph Mazzini, the father of Italian nation was an intellectual and a spiritual
force behind Italian resurrection.
2) Mazzini founded Young Italy a revolutionary society to promote nationalism.
3) The membership was given only to youth below 40 years.
4) Many young people joined with patriotism.
5) They were prepared to undergo any serverest hardship in the cause of their mother land.
2. What is meant by “White man’s burden” ?
A. White man’s Burden:-
1) The Europeans established colonies in Africa and Asia.
2) They considered themselves more civilized and the people of their colonies as uncivilized.
3) They spread an ideology that reasons behind their acquiring large scale empires in Asia and
Africa as their burden for offering civilization to back ward people.
4) This was termed as “White man’s burden”.


Question & answeres-indian history-5

1. Which one of the following archaeologists initially discovered the mohenjodaro site of the Indus
Valley Civilisation?
A. Sir John Marshall B. Rakhal Das Banerji C. Daya Ram Sahni D. Sir Martimer Wheeler
2. Which one of the following elements of Hinduism were practised in the Indus Valley Civilization?
A. Idolworship B. Wearing of sacred threads C. Cult of Shiva D. Worshipping cows
3. Nomad man started settling in
A. Palaeolithic Age B. Mesolithic Age C. Neolithic Age D. None of these
4. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?
A. Lord Hardinge B. Lord Irwin C. Lord Chelmsford D. Lord Curzon

ugc/net/jrf history

Question & answeres-indian history-4

1. Which one of the following is a doctrine said to have been added by Mahavira to the four other
doctrines propounded by previous teachers?
A. Do not commit violence B. Do not speak a lie
C. Observe brahmacharya D. Do not acquire property
2. In India, Jainism spread during the reign of
A. Harshavardhana B. Chandragupta Maurya C. Samudragupta D.Chandragupta Vikramaditya
3 The first discourse of Buddha at Deer Park in Sarnath is called
A. Mahabhiniskraman B. Mahaparinirvana
C. Mahamastabhisheka D. Dharmachakrapravartan
4. Who, according to Jains, was the founder of Jainism?
A. Rishabha B. Mahavira C. Arishtanemi D. Parsavanatha

ugc net history

Question & answeres-indian history-3
1. The tools and weapons of Harappan civilisation were mostly made of
A. stone only B. stone and copper
C. copper, bronze and iron D. copper, tin and bronze
2. Traces of which of the following has not been found in the Indus Civilisation?
A. Barley B. Sesamum C. Mustard D. Sugarcane
3. Home Rule Movement was popularised in Chennai by
A. Annie Besant B. Rajaji C. Tilak D. Jinnah
4. When did Jawaharlal Nehru become the President of Congress Committee?
A. 1936 B. 1929 C. 1922 D. 1933

Question & answeres-indian history

Question & answeres-indian history-2
1. Kanishka’s capital was at
A. Amravati B. Kanauj C. Mathura D. Peshawar
2. Separate state for Muslims was demanded by
A. Nawab Salimullah B. Ali Brothers C. M.A. Jinnah D. Netaji S.C. Bose
3. Which Gupta ruler had led a campaign to the south and was an expert ‘Veena’ player?
A. Chandra Gupta I B. Samudragupta C. Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya D. Skanda Gupta
4. In which century did Ashoka reign?
A. Second century B .C. B. Third century B.C.
C. Second century A.D. D. Third century A.D.

ugc/net history

Question & answeres-indian history
1. Consider the following four saints :
1. Kabir 2. Nanak 3. Chaitanya 4. Tulsidas
What is the correct chronological order in which they flourished?
A. 1,2,3,4 B. 2,3,4,1 C. 3,1,2,4 D. 3,2,4,1
2. The culmination of the traditional opposition to British rule came with the Revolt of 1857 which
started from
A. Allahabad B. Poona C. Calcutta D. Meerut
3. Shankaracharya, during Vikramaditya’s period, was a very famous personality. Which of the following
statements is not true of Shankaracharya ?
A. He defined Vedanta.
B. He propounded ‘Vishistadvaitya‘
C. He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism.
D. He established four religious centres in different parts of India.
4. Who among the following was not an exponent of Bhakti movement ?
A. Ramanada B. Kabir C. Shankaracharya D. Nanak

mamankam- mannappedi – pulappedi- sanketams and changathams- uaralar- jenmi system- oath of the coonan cross.


Mamamkam was a riparian festival. It was
held once in 12 years. Kings, nobles, Brahmins,
traders, artists etc.from different Desams
constituted the over flowing crowd on the sands
of Thirunavay. It was an occasion of joy and



1-German word for history- Geschichte
2-Condorcet-Developed the idea of progress in history
3-Lord Acton- Made emphasis to value judgment as an ingredient of history
4-Voltaire-coined the term philosophy of history
5-Henry ford-History as a bunk
6-Herodotus-considered Clio as the mother of history
7-Thucydides-method of constructive reasoning in history was applied
8-Thucydides-first didactic historian.
9-Fabius pictor- started roman historical writing.
10-Cato-Historian who never mentioned the name of a single person in his book.
11-Livy-lived under Augustus Caesar.
12-Tacitus-wrote the book”life of Agricola and annals”
13-Cristian historians-secular history as blasphemous
14-Sextus Julius Africanes- first writer of Cristian historiography.
15-Eusebius Pamphilus- Father of Cristian historiography.
16-Isnad-chain of authorities.
17-Ibn ishaaq- wrote first important biography of prophet Mohamed.
18-Al Tabari- called Livy of the Muslims
19-Al masudi- great encyclopedist,wrote meadow of god,known as Herodotus of Arabs
20-Ibn khaldun- one of the founder of the science of history
21-Ibn khaldun- Roger bacon of medieval history
22-Su-ma-chien- Father of oriental history
23-Petrarch-Father of humanism.
24-Historical skepticism- introduced by Descartes.
25-Guiccardini- his book history of Italy marked the beginning of modern analytical history.
26-Bruni- coined the term Humanism.
27-Voltaire-author of age of Louis xiv
28-Gibbon-author of the book “decline and fall of roman empire”
29-Enlightenment historians considered medieval age as dark age.
30-Voltaire-founder of the rationalist school of historians.          

Historiography-psc history objective


Greek historian of Hellenistic period.
Author of “the Histories”
His idea of political balance in govt was later used in Montesquieu “the spirit of laws”.
He is one of the first historian to attempt to present history as a sequence of causes and effect based on criticism.
One of the founding fathers of Roman historiography.
To some as successor of Thucydides.
To polybiyes “truth as the eyes of history”.


Famous Greek sculpture
Built statue of Zeus at Olympia
This statue was considered as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
He created symbol and statue of Athens.
He also designed the statue of goddess Athena on the Athenian Acropolis ;called Athena Parthenon.


Famous Greek philosopher
Student of Plato
Teacher of Alexander the great
Socrates as the plato's teacher.
Founding figure of western philosophy.
To him man is a social as well as political animal.
To him poetry is superior to history
Studied at plato's academy
Appointed as the head of the royal academy of Macedonia.
Father of political science.
Established the school of lyceum.   

Arcon-famous Greek king


Architect of Athenian democracy
Father of Athenian democracy
Introduced ostracism.
As per  Ostracism ,whereby a vote from more than 6000 of the citizen would exile a citizen for 10 years.


Athenian states men,law maker and poet.
First time democratized the administration.
Pheidippides- general of Athens who defeated Persians in marathon.
Dame-a small govt in ancient Greece.


Capital of Greece.
One of the worlds oldest city.
Home of plato's academy
Home of Aristotle lyceum.
To some cradle of western civilization.
Birth place of democracy
Center of first modern Olympics.


Famous Greek philosopher.
Student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle.
Founder of academy in Athens
Academy is the first institution in western world.
Author of the book “the republic”.


Classical Greek philosopher
Founder of western philosophy.
Teacher of Plato and xenophone
Questioning and discussion method introduced.
He was sentenced to death by drinking a mixture of poison “hemlock”.


Golden age of literature and democracy in Athens
To Thucydides Pericles as the first citizen of Athens


Famous Greek historian
Contemporary of socrates.
Wrote the book “anabasis”
Known as “attic muse”.


-Famous Greek poet
-To some as first economist
-wrote a poem entitled “works and days”
-another poem “catalog of women”
Zeus-father Gods of Greeks.
Demosthenes-great Greek orator and statesmen
Cicero considered Demosthenes as the perfect orator.

Thursday, May 5, 2011


Dear sir,

Iam  Manikandan from Kanhangad (kasaragod) wish to attend the upcoming HSST  Exam. please give me advise about the preparations to be taken for this Exam. And also you are requested to give me the model questions and details (expected questions , notes, etc...).

Thanks and Regards.

Halo sir,
What to say.As a master of  history ,we should have a deep awareness in our area,including historiography,Indian,kerala,and world history.A basic knowledge in research methodology is essential. For that u have 2 go through various sources.i should suggest a deep reading of various historical books rather than just objective type reading..please go through plus 1 & 2 text book,calicut university text book of b a history(non sem),particularly kerala history and historiography of gangadharan sir.a deep knowledge on travancore history is advisable.Above all work hard and b a believer of god.Following are some of the books that you can referred for your interest.
Best wishes.

Indo-Greek coins-ugc history

Indo-Greek  coins-ugc history

The Indo-Greek Kingdom covered various parts of the northwest and northern Indian subcontinent from 180 BCE to around 10 CE, and was ruled by a succession of more than thirty Hellenic kings who were often in conflict with each other. The kingdom was founded when the Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius, the king of Syria, who invaded India in 180BC.
During the two centuries of their rule, the Indo-Greek kings combined the Greek and Indian languages and symbols, as seen on their coins, and blended ancient Greek, Hindu and Buddhist religious practices, as seen in the archaeological remains of their cities and in the indications of their support of Buddhism.

Nalanda –ugc history

Nalanda –ugc history

Nalanda in Bihar, since the 5th century AD, has been the seat of learning in India.Nalanda, founded in the 5th century AD, is famous as the ancient seat of learning. The ruins of the world`s most ancient university lies here which is 62 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km south of Patna. Though the Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, this famous center of Buddhist learning shot to fame much later, during 5th-12th centuries. Hieun Tsang stayed here in the 7th century AD and left detailed description of the excellence of education system and purity of monastic life practiced here.