Saturday, January 28, 2012

who founded INA

I have some doubts.vil u pls help me?

1.INA founded by-

Rash bihari Bose .its early name was Azad Hind Fauj which was formed by sardar mohan sing.later subhash chandra Bose reorganised and strengthened the Army .
It had a women regiment with name "Rani Lak shmi bai" Of Jhansi.Its head is captain Lakshmi ..


Earth is very old and so is the antiquity of man. The earliest human fossils have been found in Africa dating about 4.2 million years.
The primitive man was shorter in height and had a smaller brain. Homo sapiens evolved over a period of these years about 50,000 years ago.
Humans have been using stone tools and their life story is, therefore, divided into Paleolithic,Mesolithic and Neolithic age.

Neolithic Age

Neolithic Age

The word 'neolithic' was first coined by Sir John Lubbock in 1865.Miles Burkit enumerated four characteristics of neolithic culture
1.  Animal domestication
2.  Agricultural practice
3.  Grined and Polished stone tools and
4.  Pottery manufacture

Harappan Civilization-objective

Harappan Civilization

The main Characteristic of the Indus Valley Civilization was
(a) Pucca houses
(b) Drainage system
(c) Town Planning
(d) Well laid out roads

Answer: Drainage system

Vedic Age -Objective

Vedic Age

The institution of Varna appeared in the
(a) Later Vedic period
(b) Period of the consolidation of the text of the Mahabharat.
(c) Period of the Manava Dharma Shastra
(d) Rig Vedic period

Answer: Rig Vedic period

Friday, January 27, 2012



Dr Sivadasan P documents the shocking Wagon Tragedy of 1921 in Wagon Tragedy: Kanalvazhiyile Koottakuruthi.

Tuesday, January 24, 2012



The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal periods have rich textual sources of history. Several books written by people in that period have come down to us. These include travelogues, religious books, memoirs, biographies and official histories. Some of the most important of them are described below.


Al-Biruni (973-1048)
He was born in Uzbekistan, and came to India as a prisoner of Mahmud of Ghazni. In Kitab ul Hind he described the country and its inhabitants.

Barani on Politics of the Delhi Sultanate

Barani on Politics of the Delhi Sultanate

The major book on the political philosophy of the Delhi Sultanate is the Principles of Government (Fatawa-i Jahandari) by the historian Khwaja Zia-ud-din Barani.
He was an aristocratic Muslim but was unable to get a post in the government of 'Ala-ud-din Khalji. Barani did serve in the court of Muhammad bin Tughluq from the tenth year of his reign; but when Firuz Shah became Sultan, the seventy-year-old Barani was imprisoned five months for supporting the rebellion of Khwaja-i Jahan and had his property confiscated.

UGC 3rd Paper objective type since June 2012

UGC 3rd Paper objective type since June 2012
UGC has decided to consider the matter relating to enhance relaxation in marks for the Physically  Challenged Candidates in the National Eligibility Test held by UGC.
During the course of discussion, the Commission also deliberated in detail the  issues pertaining to objectivity in marking of Paper-III, transparency, reducing the inter and intra-examiner variability in marking of Paper-III, delays in  declaration of NET results, recommendations of the NET moderation Committees to switch over Paper-III from descriptive to objective type on the  pattern of CSIR NET Examination wherein all the three papers are of objective type. 

Sunday, January 22, 2012



The Harappan Civilization flourished till 1900 BC. The period following this is marked by the beginning of the post-urban phase or  (Late Harappan  phase).

This phase was  writing, uniformity in weights and measures, homogeneity in pottery designs, etc. The
regression covered a period from 1900 BC–1400 BC There was also the shrinkage in the settlement area. 

Market Regulations of Alauddin Khalji

Market Regulations of Alauddin Khalji

Alauddin’s measures to control the markets were one of the most important policy initiative. Since Alauddin wanted to maintain a large army, he therefore, lowered and fixed the price of the commodities of daily use.

To control the prices, Alauddin set up three different markets for different commodities in Delhi. These markets were the grain market (Mandi), cloth market (Sarai Adl) and the market for horses, slaves, cattles, etc.

Muhammad bin Tughlaq -Transfer of Capital

Muhammad bin Tughlaq  & Transfer of Capital
One of the controversial measures of Muhammad bin Tughlaq was that he transferred his capital from Delhi to Deogir (Daultabad).
According to Dr. Mahdi Hussain, the Sultan wanted to maintain both Delhi and Daultabad as his capitals. As per Barani, in AD 1326–27, Sultan decided to shift his capital from Delhi to Deogir (Daultabad) in the Deccan because it was more centrally located.