Kashmiri landowners of the 10th century who were in the position of feudal local magnates wielding considerable military clout. They were used by the rulers to control the Tantrin soldiery, who had become very powerful after the deposition of Queen Sugandha n 914.
A form of Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu) carrying the traces of
North Indian dialects like Punjabi, Khari-boli, and Braj. It developed in the urban centers of the Deccan controlled by the Bahmanis and successor sultanates. Most of the surviving Dakkani texts are written in Persian script. The earliest of them, M‘araj al-‘ashiqin (Ascent to Heaven of Devotees), is ascribed to Saiyid Muhammad Gesudaraz